nationalarchives.gov.uk

Website:http://nationalarchives.gov.uk
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Definitions (540)

1.

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pastoral farming


Farming relating to livestock rather than crops. If crops are grown then they are used to feed the animals rather than for sale.
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

2.

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Operation Round-up


A 1942 plan to invade Northern France in the spring of 1943. Drawn up by General Eisenhower, it showed American enthusiasm for an early entry into Europe. Given the shortage of landing craft and other resources, it proved unrealistic and was never executed, although parts were incorporated into Operation Overlord
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

3.

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bauxite


The raw material in the manufacture of aluminium
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

4.

1   1

AHA


Area Health Authorities (AHAs) had the function of ensuring adequate provision of hospital, GP and community medical services in their area. They were in effect the local NHS. Replaced by Primary Care Trusts in 2003
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

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Zeebrugge


Belgian port at the mouth of the canal to Bruges.
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

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Yom Kippur War


On 6 October 1973 a coalition of Arab states (led by Egypt and Syria) launched surprise attacks on Israel on the day of Yom Kipur, the Jewish day of Atonement, in an attempt to regain lands lost in 1967. The war lasted only 20 days and was ended by a UN-brokered cease-fire. It led to the oil crisis of 1973.
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

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Yom Kippur


The holiest day of prayer and fasting in the Jewish calendar, known in English as the Day of Atonement. Climax of the Yamim Noraim (Days of Awe). Jews traditionally observe this holiday with a 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer.
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

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Yangtze


Longest river in Asia. Traditionally considered the dividing line between North and South China.
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

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Woodrow Wilson


Academic who became American President (1913-1921). He believed in the principle of self-determination. His '14 Points' formed the basis of the Paris peace settlement ending the First World War. An advocate of the League of  Nations, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1919
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk

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Winston Churchill


Liberal and Conservative politician, with a long and controversial career. Involved in Gallipoli in 1915 (he had to resign over its failure), and the General Strike of 1926. He opposed appeasement, before replacing Chamberlain as Prime Minister in 1940. Most famous for leading Britain to victory in the Second World War. Winner of the Nobel Prize fo [..]
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk


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