theoryofknowledge.net

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Definitions (85)

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Rational knowledge


Rational knowledge, unlike empirical knowledge, is knowledge we believe is true because it seems reasonable, and fits in with other things we know are true. It is often more theoretical than empirical [..]
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Ways of knowing


The TOK course is divided into eight ways of knowing: emotion, faith, imagination, intuition, language, memory, reason, and sense perception. These ways of knowing are how we gather our knowledge abou [..]
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Verstehen


The German term for interpretivism, coined by the sociologist Max Weber.
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Utilitarianism


Utilitarianism is the position that believes that an action is morally correct if its actions benefit more people than it harms. It is related to consequentialism.
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Universal Grammar theory


This theory, advanced by Noam Chomsky in the 1960s, states that our ability to acquire languages is hardwired into our brains, rather than being different in different cultures. By extension, we perce [..]
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Universality of beauty


The idea that beauty is universal is one that has interested art critics and aesthetic thinkers for centuries. Either one sees beauty as a cultural and social construct, or it is something that runs d [..]
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Tabula Rasa


Literally, ‘blank slate’. This was John Locke’s idea that we are born without any innate (or a priori) knowledge, and that we build up knowledge about the world as we experience it. Some previou [..]
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Syllogism


A syllogism is an example of a logical argument in which two premises lead to a conclusion. If syllogisms use correct premises, their conclusion must always be valid. One of the most famous syllogism [..]
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Superstition


Superstition is either discerning a pattern in the natural world when there isn’t one, or not discerning a pattern when there is one, and then ascribing such a phenomenon to an entity ungoverned by [..]
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Stoicism


Stoicism was a Hellenistic (ancient Greek) philosophical movement that massively influenced the early Christian religion. It is based on many principles, but one of the central ones is that the effect [..]
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