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Definitions (1005)

1

4   2

empirical temperature


A property that is the same for any two systems that are in thermodynamic equilibrium with each other.
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2

3   0

experimental yield


The measured amount of product produced in a chemical reaction.
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3

3   3

amphiprotic solvent


Solvents that exhibit both acidic and basic properties; amphiprotic solvents undergo autoprotolysis. Examples are water, ammonia, and ethanol.
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incomplete octet


1. An atom with less than eight electrons in its valence shell. 2. An atom with less than eight total bonding and nonbonding electrons in a Lewis structure, for example, B in BH3 has an incomplete oct [..]
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5

2   1

diffusion


The mixing of two substances caused by random molecular motions. Gases diffuse very quickly; liquids diffuse much more slowly, and solids diffuse at very slow (but often measurable) rates. Molecular c [..]
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6

1   1

Zeeman effect


The splitting of spectral lines when an external magnetic field is applied.
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7

1   1

xenobiotic


A substance which is not normally found in a living thing.
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8

1   1

wavelength


The distance between adjacent peaks (or adjacent troughs) on a wave. Varying the wavelength of light changes its color; varying the wavelength of sound changes its pitch.
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9

1   1

volume percentage


Volume percentages express the concentration of a component in a mixture or an element in a compound. For example, 95% ethanol by volume contains 95 mL of ethanol in 100 mL of solution (NOT in 100 mL [..]
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10

1   1

titration


A procedure for determining the amount of some unknown substance (the analyte) by quantitative reaction with a measured volume of a solution of precisely known concentration (the titrant).
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