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Definitions (111)

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partial immersion


Partial immersion is where around 50-60% of curriculum subjects are taught in the additional language. Examples include The Netherlands and some regions of Spain.
Source: courses.britishcouncil.org

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4cs


In Do Coyle's approach to CLIL, the 4Cs of content, communication, cognition and culture are seen as a useful guide to defining teaching aims and learning outcomes. Culture is also linked to citizenship and to community (Mehisto, Marsh and Frigols).
Source: courses.britishcouncil.org

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activating prior knowledge


Activating prior knowledge means encouraging learners to produce language or ideas about a subject before it is taught, using knowledge learned previously. Examples: Tell me six words connected with electricity. Think of three sources of electricity.
Source: courses.britishcouncil.org

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additional language


In CLIL, the learners' additional language refers to any language other than their native language. It is also called the target language.
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assessment


In language teaching and learning, assessment is the process through which a judgement is made about how much a learner has learned in relation to the defined objectives of a course. It helps to show what they have achieved, or how well the learner is using language as judged against defined general criteria of language performance, i.e. their lang [..]
Source: courses.britishcouncil.org

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bics


Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) are language development for social intercourse. In Jim Cummins' research with immigrant pupils in Canada, most learners were found to achieve BICS after two or three years of education in the majority language. Language events are context-embedded (those which are used in everyday conversation w [..]
Source: courses.britishcouncil.org

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bilingual


In CLIL, a bilingual teaching context is where learners study curricular subjects in two languages: their native language and the additional language.
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binary keys


Binary keys are based on splitting information into two parts, using a progressive series of questions, each of which has only two possible answers, e.g. Is it a mammal?
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brainstorming


Brainstorming is a technique to encourage learners to produce ideas quickly without critical examination or evaluation. Example In pairs, you have two minutes to write down all the words you know about spiders.
Source: courses.britishcouncil.org

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calp


Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) is language development for academic learning. Jim Cummins observed that it takes seven to eight years for L2 learners to attain a level of English suitable for academic school study. Language events are context reduced (little support) and cognitively demanding. Meaning is accessed primarily through t [..]
Source: courses.britishcouncil.org


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