justice.gov

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Definitions (132)

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impeachment


(1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
Source: justice.gov

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acquittal


Judgment that a criminal defendant has not been proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
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affidavit


A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it. Affidavits must be notarized or administered by an officer of the court with such authority.
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affirmed


Judgment by appellate courts where the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as decided in the lower court.
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alford plea


A defendant’s plea that allows him to assert his innocence but allows the court to sentence the defendant without conducting a trial. Essentially, the defendant is admitting that the evidence is sufficient to show guilt. Such a plea is often made for purposes of negotiating a deal with the prosecutor for lesser charges or a sentence.
Source: justice.gov

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allegation

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answer


The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
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appeal


A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." Both the plaintiff and the defendant can appeal, and the party doing so is called the appellant. Appeals can be made for a variety of [..]
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appellate


About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgment of another lower court or tribunal.
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arraignment


A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
Source: justice.gov


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