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Definitions (61)

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cultural resource management


A branch of archaeology that is concerned with developing policies and action in regard to the preservation and use of cultural resources.
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alluvial


Clay, silt, sand, gravel, or similar detritus material deposited by running water.
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archaeology


The scientific study of physical evidence of past human societies recovered through the excavation. Archaeologists not only attempt to discover and describe past cultures, but also to formulate explanations for the development of cultures.
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archaeologist


Anyone with an interest in the aims and methods of archaeology. A professional archaeologist usually holds a degree in anthropology with a specialization in archaeology and is trained to collect archaeological information in a proper scientific way.
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archaic period


8000 B.C. to 1000 B.C., divided in early, middle and late.
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artifact


Any object manufactured, used or modified by humans. Common examples include tools, utensils, art, food remains, and other products of human activity. They can be classified into types. These types reflect function or use, styles from a particular time period, or specific groups of people.
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bedrock


The solid rock underlying unconsolidated surface materials.
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ceramics


Pottery and ceramic artifacts.
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ceremonialism


Strict attention to what is prescribed by custom or by ritual.
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chert


A very fine-grained rock formed in ancient ocean sediments. It often has a semi glossy finish and is usually white, pinkish, brown, gray, or blue gray in color. It can be shaped into arrowheads by chipping. It has often been called flint, but true flint is found in chalk deposits and is a distinctive blackish color.
Source: modot.org


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