understandingrace.org

Website:http://www.understandingrace.org
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Definitions (133)

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a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i - k | l | m | n-o | p | r | s | t | u | w-z a abo blood system


a human blood typing system that consists of 4 distinct types: A, B, AB, and O. ABO blood type is determined by the alleles present at a single locus, which are inherited from parents.
Source: understandingrace.org

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abolition


the abolition movement consisted of organized efforts to do away with legalized slavery, in the United States. Emancipation was gained gradually in northern states, and slavery was abolished throughout the country by the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution.
Source: understandingrace.org

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acculturation


cultural exchange and change that results from sustained contact between different groups
Source: understandingrace.org

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affirmative action


first established by the Federal government in 1965, this legal mandate consists of special actions in recruitment, hiring, and other areas designed to eliminate the effects of past discrimination.
Source: understandingrace.org

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african replacement model


the hypothesis that modern humans evolved as a new species in Africa between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago and then spread throughout the Old World, replacing archaic populations; sometimes called the recent African origin model.
Source: understandingrace.org

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allele


the alternative form of a gene or DNA sequence that occurs at a given locus. Some loci have only one allele, some have two, and some have many alternative forms. Alleles occur in pairs, one on each chromosome.
Source: understandingrace.org

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allen’s rule


states that mammals in cold climates tend to have shorter and bulkier limbs, allowing less loss of body heat, whereas mammals in hot climates tend to have long, slender limbs, allowing greater loss of body heat.
Source: understandingrace.org

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anatomically modern homo sapiens


the modern form of the human species, which evolved in Africa between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago.
Source: understandingrace.org

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anthropology


the study of humans and their cultures, both past and present. The field of anthropology includes archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and applied anthropology.
Source: understandingrace.org

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anthropometrics


measurements of the human body.
Source: understandingrace.org


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