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Definitions (169)

1.

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Soil erosion


The detachment and movement of soil from the land surface by wind and water in conditions influenced by human activities. In (Bergsma, E., Charman, P., Gibbons, F., Humi, H., Moldenhauer, W.C., and S. Panichapong. 1996. Terminology for Soil Erosion and Conservation. ISSS International Society of  S [..]
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

2.

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watersheds


Tributary subbasins or basins more limited in size (typically from tens of square kilometers to 1,000 square kilometers) are often called watersheds (in American English), while catchment is frequently used in British English as a synonym for river basins, watershed being more narrowly defined as th [..]
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

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Wetland function – processes among and within the various biological


Areas of marsh, fen , peatland or water, water natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine waters, the depth of which at low tide do not exceed six metres.
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

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Well-being


A context- and situation-dependent state, comprising basic material for a good life, freedom and choice, health, good social relations, and security. (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: A Framework for Assessment. Island Press, Washington DC).
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

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Watershed management


Use, regulation and treatment of water and land resources of a watershed to accomplish stated objectives. (Bergsma, E., Charman, P., Gibbons, F., Humi, H., Moldenhauer, W.C., and S. Panichapong. 1996. Terminology for Soil Erosion and Conservation. ISSS International Society of Soil Science, Vienna).
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

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Watershed or River basin management


Planned used of watersheds (river basins) in accordance with predetermined objectives.
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

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Watershed


The area which supplies water by surface and subsurface flow from precipitation to a given point in the drainage system. In (Bergsma, E., Charman,  P., Gibbons, F., Humi, H., Moldenhauer, W.C., and S.Panichapong. 1996. Terminology for Soil Erosion and Conservation. ISSS International Society of Soi [..]
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

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Water borne diseases


Disease that arises from infected water and is transmitted when the water is used for drinking or cooking ( for example cholera or typhoid). It is to be distinguished from water related and water based diseases. Water based diseases are those in which water provides the habitant for host organisms o [..]
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

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Water withdrawals for human use


it includes withdrawals for municipal use, industrial use and agricultural use.
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org

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Water user association


Association of water users combining both governance and management functions (they are not the owners of the infrastructure).
Source: iwmi.cgiar.org


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