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Definitions (315)

1.

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psychological reality


The extent to which the constructs of linguistic theory can be taken to have a basis in the human mind, i.e. to somehow be reflected in human cognitive structures. Many linguists are divided on this i [..]
Source: uni-due.de

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ease of articulation


A putative reason for sound change. It may play a role in allegro speech and possibly effect the sound system over time but cannot be assumed to be a generally valid principle on the phonological leve [..]
Source: uni-due.de

3.

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universal


Any feature or property which holds for all languages. These are few and far between though near-universals, i.e. those which are good for the vast majority of languages, are more common and often mor [..]
Source: uni-due.de

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typological classification


The ordering of language on the basis of shared grammatical structure rather than on historical or genetic grounds.
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typology


The description of the grammatical structure of language independently of genetic relationships. There are many commonalities between languages which result from morphological principles so that this [..]
Source: uni-due.de

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synthetic


A language which is characterised by an extensive inflectional morphology, e.g. Latin and Modern German. This type contrasts with analytic and can be taken to have developed historically from the latt [..]
Source: uni-due.de

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polysynthetic


A reference to a language which has large complex words in which several grammatical categories are fused together. See Incorporating.
Source: uni-due.de

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linguistic universals


A postulated set of linguistic features which are common to all languages and which ultimately derive from our psychological make-up and our perception of the world, e.g. the existence of subject, pre [..]
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linguistic area


A part of the world in which several genetically unrelated languages are spoken but which nonetheless show structural similarities. Such areas usually form an approximate geographical unit, e.g. the B [..]
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isolating language


A language type where individual words do not vary in form and where grammatical categories and relations are indicated by separate words and/or by word-order. English is fairly isolating; Chinese muc [..]
Source: uni-due.de


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